In the end, betrayal.
Click on the link here for Audio Player: National Press Club – Ali Bhutto: Pakistan In A Changing World – Sept. 19, 1973 – NPR – Gordon Skene Sound Collection
On this day in 1973, former President (1971-1973) and now Prime Minister Zulfikar Ali Bhutto came to Washington, primarily to muster economic/military aid, but also to present his case to the American people that Pakistan was coming around. Having lost a recent war with India over the region formerly known as East Pakistan, but to emerge as Bangladesh, Pakistan was in the midst of trying to reorganize itself. A new constitution had been adopted and much of Pakistan’s Industries became nationalized under the Bhutto regime. But the region was still fraught with problems.
The end result was an overthrow and coup by a presumed-trusted aide, Army chief Zia-al- Haq with Bhutto put on trial, sentenced and hanged shortly after, much to the shock and disgust of the rest of the world. But that was in 1979. And later, Ali Bhutto’s daughter Benazir would rule after the death of Gen. Zia in a plane crash. Benazir would also run afoul of the military (as well as corruption charges) and would be the victim of an assassination.
No simple tale, the story of Pakistan.
In 1973 there was a degree of optimism, and Zulfikar Ali Bhutto was a popular leader and statesman in the process of mending fences and seeking support.
So on September 19, 1973, Prime Minister Ali Bhutto addressed the National Press Club and the resultant Question-and-Answer period, carried live by National Public Radio.
Selective amnesia at your peril.
Click on the link here for Audio Player: [audio https://pastdaily.files.wordpress.com/2013/05/today-with-mrs-roosevelt-pakistan-1950.mp3]
With the first open and democratically held elections in Pakistan in several decades coming up this Saturday (May 11), I ran across this very early interview, less than three years after independence was declared for Pakistan and the neighboring India. In this discussion, from the program Today With Mrs. Roosevelt, Pakistan Prime Minister Liaquat Ally Khan discusses the recent dispute with India over the area known as Kashmir. Also discussed was the future of this newly independent nation and, because of its strategic place on the map (bordering India, Iran, Afghanistan, partially bordering Russia, Nepal and China), how was it going to deal with the Communist influence by way of the then-newly established Peoples Republic of China.
In marked contrast to what’s going on now, it’s interesting to hear the status of this newly emerging nation by one of its founding fathers. Doubtless, a lot has changed in Pakistan over the years – now dealing with the unsettling presence of the Taliban, who are doing their level-best to disrupt the election process.
It will be interesting too, to see what emerges in the coming days and how closely it resembles, or doesn’t , the original plan for the former colony.
Here is that interview, featuring Eleanor Roosevelt with Prime Minister Ally Khan, Khan’s wife and Assistant Secretary of State George C. McGee, originally broadcast on May 7, 1950.
And while the newscast was on, a raid was taking place in France.
Click on the link here for Audio Player: [audio https://pastdaily.files.wordpress.com/2013/04/news-for-april-23-1942.mp3]
News for this April 23rd in 1942 was truly about a World consumed by war. From Russia came word that one of the B-25 bombers involved in the raid over Tokyo had been force-landed near Siberia and was being held by the Soviets (Russia hadn’t declared war on Japan yet, so . . .). News of near-hysteria on the East Coast of the U.S. over reports of gas rationing to the tune of 5 gallons maximum per week proved to be a false alarm, at least for now and a moratorium on new telephones or lines being installed. From India came word of increased fears over a pending Japanese invasion and fierce fighting taking place in Burma, thought to be the next big battle-front in the war. A stalemate of sorts on the Eastern Front, with Russian and German forces trading gains and losses.
And news, which was taking place while this newscast was on, of a British commando raid underway on the French town of Boulogne.
All this and much more for this day in World War Two as presented by Alka-Seltzer’s News Of The World, for April 23, 1942.
Click on the link here for Audio Player: News for March 29, 1942
The really interesting, and somewhat prophetic, news on this March 29th in 1942, was buried towards the end of what were daily reports from the Front. The war was dragging on. Britain was staging a series of raids on Germany and German held territory. American troops were holding out in The Philippines against relentless Japanese assaults. An editorial on Nazi Foreign Office chief Franz von Pappen, and towards the end, talk about the possibilities of India gaining independence from Britain.
Not entirely new news, but something of a breakthrough in what had been a decades-old struggle in India – a struggle that brought into prominence Mohandas Gandhi and his school of non-violent protest.
Long a feeling that waging war was not only an expensive proposition, it was also beginning to become impractical to maintain the vast number of colonies throughout the world, not only from Britain, but also from now-occupied France. So various feelers were being put forth by British War Cabinet member Sir Stafford Cripps, in an effort gain Indian support of Britain in exchange for independence.
Although no formal agreement was reached as the result of this visit, it nonetheless firmly planted the carrot of independence, and the seeds of a greater movement were sown for later reference and reminder after the war.
And it happened on this day, and reported via WGN News for March 29, 1942.
Four bullets from a thickly set man dressed in Khaki.
Click on the link here for Audio Player: News for January 30, 1948
Further evidence that some events which take place in history are not necessarily considered devastating at the time they occurred. This one, for example – the assassination of India’s spiritual leader Mohandas Gandhi on this day, January 30, 1948, was considered in U.S. media as just another event in a post-War world going through upheaval, during a day when a lot of other news was going on which was deemed more important after the initial bulletin.
News of the assassination of Gandhi also took a while to spread. Media just wasn’t as instant as it is now. And the sketchy reports that came in, even by eye-witnesses, were later contradicted as the story unfolded. One report, broadcast on the later News Of The World; Night Special, via a BBC correspondent, said four bullets were fired and the person wrestling the assailant to the ground was an American who had come for evening meditation. A later report said three bullets were fired and the assailant was wrestled to the ground by the Indian Air-Force Sergeant. Little details, certainly. But enough to cause a conspiracy theorists field day.
But the sad fact was, India’s leader was dead. Later, Jawahrlal Nehru would deliver a statement saying, in effect, that India’s light had gone out, and the future was uncertain.
But other news, that took precedence this day had a lot to do with the Winter Olympics, the goings-on in Capitol Hill and the Japanese premier of Gilbert and Sullivan‘s Operetta/spoof on Japanese Royalty, to a luke-warm reception.
All pretty inconsequential, in comparison to the bigger picture. But that was the news of the day as presented on The News Of The World and News Of The World Night Special over NBC Radio on January 30, 1948.
With Chinese troops within shouting distance, time to destroy sensitive papers.
Click on the link here for Audio Player: India-China War – November 1962
The one event that managed to dislodge reports regarding the Cuban Missile Crisis in November of 1962 was the outbreak of hostilities between India and China. Long a hotbed of disputes, the crisis reached boiling point late in October when China attacked Indian positions and overran them, advancing several miles inside Indian territory.
The rapid escalation of hostilities caught many by surprise and India was forced to be in a position of having to solicit aid from Russia, Britain and the U.S. By the time this broadcast aired however, a tentative ceasefire proposal had been offered and both sides were considering it. By the 22nd, fighting had stopped, but the damage had already been done.
Here is that background report on fighting between India and China from Novebember 20th 1962.
July 1965. Described by many as the turning point.
Click on the Link: News for July 19, 1965
In what was described by commanders in the field as the worst fighting since The Korean War, the war in Vietnam took a new and deadly turn, this day in July, 1965. Despite attempts by The Pentagon to downplay the severity of the situation, the writing was on the wall that our role in Vietnam was going to be long and protracted one. With that in mind, Congress voted to increase Military Pay, asking for considerably more than President Johnson requested.
In other news – reports from Cape Kennedy indicated the flight of Gemini 5 was on schedule and ready for its planned August launch. Since July 19th came on a Monday in 1965, it was also reported that the Maritime Strike had now entered its sixth week and concerns were voiced that this would have a direct effect on the shipping of Military supplies to Vietnam.
Meanwhile, word came that former South Korean President Singman Rhee had passed away at the age of 90. From Athens came word of a power struggle developing in the Greek government and that violence was threatened. On Capitol Hill, hearings were underway regarding the recently contained situation in the Dominican Republic.
A dispute was developing in diplomatic relations between the U.S. and France over alleged spy plane activity over French Nuclear facilities.The Indian government expressed fear that a wave of Communist influence was spreading throughout India as the result of recent economic troubles in that country.
And private funeral services were held in Bloomington Illinois for Adlai Stevenson, while memorial tributes were underway at the United Nations in New York.
So went this July 19th, 1965 as reported on The CBS World News Roundup with Dallas Townsend.